Coronavirus: China urged to delay purchase elements of US trade deal as outbreak rocks economy

Post by 
Frank Tang - Frank Tang joined the SCMP in 2016 after a decade of China economy coverage and government policy analysis.
Published 
February 27, 2020

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Coronavirus: China urged to delay purchase elements of US trade deal as outbreak rocks economy
Beijing should request a delay in the purchase agreement element of its phase one trade deal with the United States, senior Chinese economists have said, due to the strain on its economy caused by the novel coronavirus outbreak.
In an article published on Monday, Xu Qiyuan, a researcher at the China Finance 40 Forum, a group of state economists, said that the US$200 billion of purchases China agreed to make in addition to its 2017 import levels “may be affected as the outbreak has
weighed on the economy
”.
His comments came amid mounting consensus among international trade economists that the disruption to China’s economy will be so great as to make it nigh on impossible to meet the lofty import demands.
“If possible, China should bring forward the request to postpone the implementation of purchase plan in an appropriate manner,” said Xu, who is also a senior fellow with the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, another government think tank.
Xu’s suggestion reflects growing concerns among Beijing’s policy circle that the deadly virus could derail the world’s second largest economy in the first quarter of 2020, if not the whole year.
Beijing is now trying to kick-start economic activities in areas outside Hubei province, where the outbreak was first reported, aiming to minimise the economic cost. But huge challenges still lie ahead, with more than 2,000 new cases reported on Sunday.
The death toll has risen to 1,772, while total confirmed cases had reached 70,639 by Monday, including more than 1,000 cases in the provinces of Guangdong and Zhejiang respectively, two manufacturing and export bases.
Factories that have reopened are operating well below capacity, with a survey by the American Chamber of Commerce in Shanghai released on Monday saying that almost 80 per cent of US factories have been unable to staff their production lines.

Logistics in China catering to internal and foreign trade have also been severely hampered, with a report by DHL saying that at the world’s busiest container port in Shanghai, only 50 per cent of stevedores are on duty.
This dent in the manufacturing supply chain could affect China’s ability to purchase US materials and parts.
“The purchases of US aircraft cannot be done in the short-run, as airlines have been hit hard and since the outbreak remains, Chinese demand for American machinery, electrical equipment and energy needs to be delayed as domestic production has not yet been fully resumed,” Xu wrote.
Xu argued that the declaration of a global public health emergency by both the US and the World Health Organisation have triggered a force majeure clause in the
phase one trade deal
.
A passage in the deal’s text states that “in the event that a natural disaster or other unforeseeable event outside the control of the parties delays a party from timely complying with its obligations under this agreement, the parties shall consult with each other”.

In an email exchange with the South China Morning Post after the publication of the article on the China Finance 40 Forum website, Xu said that “it may be pretty hard even if both decide to negotiate over it”.
“However, I think China should bring it on the table first,” he said, adding that the crisis could provide an opportunity to enhance medical cooperation, while China could prioritise the purchase of American medical products.
The phase one trade deal signed last month became effective on Friday, but Beijing has yet to make any public comment about a request to delay.
US National Economic Council director Larry Kudlow told Bloomberg last week that President Xi Jinping pledged to “meet its obligations” despite the deadly epidemic.

However, a former Trump White House official – speaking on condition of anonymity – said: “I don’t know exactly what the Chinese have told the US, but everyone expects this [delay clause] and I do think the US will show some understanding.”
Huo Jianguo, former head of China’s Ministry of Commerce’s research institute, said both countries have the mechanism for monthly and quarterly reviews of the deal’s implementation. However, any delay would depend on negotiations with the US, rather than unilateral action from China.
“We need to first abide by the deal and strive to ensure its implementation,” he said. “It was not easy for such a deal was signed. We should try to prevent it from generating new disputes or even falling apart.”
Yu Chunhai, a professor of economics at the Renmin University of China, said the virus’ impact on the flow of people within China could trigger such a request.
“The US side should consider it because the economic impact on China is obvious in the short term. In reality, it will be difficult to buy American goods on a large scale,” he said. “There could be more gamesmanship between the two, and the US may bring out other demands in exchange [for the delay].”

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