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HISTORY OF BASKETBALL UNIFORMS
Basketball Uniforms from 1890 's / A COMPREHENSIVE HISTORY OF BASKETBALL UNIFORMS
The game of basketball as it is known today was created by Dr. James Naismith in December 1891 in Springfield, Massachusetts, to condition young athletes during cold months. Naismith was a physical education instructor at YMCA International Training School (now known as Springfield College) in Springfield, Massachusetts. Upon the request of his boss, Naismith was tasked to create an indoor sports game to help athletes keep in shape in cold weather.It consisted of peach baskets and a soccer style ball. He published 13 rules for the new game. He divided his class of eighteen into two teams of nine players each and set about to teach them the basics of his new game. The objective of the game was to throw the basketball into the fruit baskets nailed to the lower railing of the gym balcony. Every time a point was scored, the game was halted so the janitor could bring out a ladder and retrieve the ball. After a while, the bottoms of the fruit baskets were removed. The first public basketball game was played in Springfield, Massachusetts, on March 11, 1892.
During its infancy in the 1890s, basketball was played in regular street attire. Since the game was invented initially as an indoor wintertime sport, players typically wore everyday school clothes consisting of baggy flannel trousers and sweaters for men, and long skirts and blouses with scarves for women. Some enthusiastic players wore tracksuits or football uniforms.
As the sport evolved with an expanded set of rules, basketball as a team sport quickly gained more popularity and acceptance. Schools and universities, amateur sports clubs, professional guilds, and other social organizations held tournaments throughout the United States and Canada. In the early 1900s, the first team-coordinated uniforms of woolen tees and knee-length, form-fitting shorts made their debut.