Soiefleuri - Orthodox Crosses Jewelry

Design

At Soiefleuri you can customize many of our handmade wedding rings / engagement rings / crosses / necklaces / earrings / bracelets with colored gemstones, colored diamonds and / or optionally with different precious metals to create a unique piece that perfectly matches your unique personality.

Our experienced designers will create a unique piece of jewellery for you and your partner according to your wishes and take you on a mental journey to bring your personal vision to life. We also offer you classic golden wedding rings.

Russian Orthodox cross

Russian orthodox cross

Russian Orthodox crossRussian Orthodox crossThe Russian Orthodox Cross or Orthodox Cross is a variant of the Christian Cross since the 6th century in the Byzantine Empire. The cross has three horizontal crossbars, with the lowest one sloping. Today it is a symbol of the Russian Orthodox Church and a characteristic feature of the Russian cultural landscape. Other names for the symbol are the Byzantine cross, the Russian cross and the Slavic or Suppedaneum cross.

It was introduced in the 6th century before the break between Catholic and Orthodox churches and was used in Byzantine frescoes, arts and crafts. In 1551 during the canonical isolation of the Russian Orthodox Church, Ivan the Terrible, Grand Duke of Moscow, used this cross for the first time on the domes of churches. Since that time it has been displayed on the Russian national coat of arms and military banners. In the second half of the 19th century this cross was promoted by the Russian Empire in the former Grand Duchy of Lithuania as a symbol of its russification policy.

One variant, known as the Russian cross, has only two horizontal crossbars, the lower one sloping, another is the variant of the cross above the crescent. Some Russian sources distinguish the Russian Orthodox Cross from the Orthodox Cross, in Unicode the symbol is called the Orthodox Cross. The same USVA gravestone emblem is called the Russian Orthodox Cross.

Four times a year the Orthodox Church venerates the Cross of the Lord

14 September, the Feast of the Discovery and Exaltation of the Cross by St Helena, the mother of Emperor Constantine in Jerusalem in 335

3. Sonntag in den Großen Fasten before Easter, the feast of the veneration of the cross

on August 1st with the procession of the cross around the church

Hohen Freitag vor Ostern, when the cross is carried out of the chancel into the church and placed there.

In the crucifixion of the Son of God the incomprehensible love of God for humanity becomes visible. Where in the world does a God come so close to mankind that he not only becomes man, but also suffers death for them. But even that is not yet the end of his humiliation. He even descends into the kingdom of death, in which the latter holds the deceased captive. Since it is his law to destroy all life and to bring it into his kingdom, he also had to receive the crucified one, and in and with this - God. But Death could not control him, for He was more powerful than He was. He could not prevent it that this one preached the gospel in his kingdom {1 Peter 3: 19 f.), whose latch broke and opened again the way into paradise for all people. Thus Christ met death with its own weapon: "He trampled death underfoot", as the Easter Troparion sings of this victory.

Russisches Orthodoxes Kreuz

Russisches Kreuz

Russisches Kreuz

Russisches KreuzRussisches KreuRussisches KreuRussisches Kreuz (auch ,, Orthodoxes Kreuz'', Byzantinisches Kreuz, Slawisches Kreuz oder ähnlichen genannt ; manchmal fälschlich auch als ,,Ungarisches Kreuz'' bezeichnet; frz: Croix russe; engl. : Russina cross) ist in der Heraldik eine besondere Form des Lateinisches Kreuzes mit zwei waagerechten und einem schrägen Kreuzarm:
(auch „Orthodoxes Kreuz“, Byzantinisches Kreuz, Slawisches Kreuz oder ähnlich genannt; manchmal fälschlich auch als „Ungarisches Kreuz“ bezeichnet; frz.: croix russe; engl.: Russina cross ) ist in der Heraldik eine besondere Form des Lateinisches Kreuzes mit zwei waagerechten und einem schrägen Kreuzarm:
  • Der oberste, kurze Kreuzarm repräsentiert das Titulus-Brett (auf dem bei der Kreuzigung von Jesus die Inschrift INRI zu lesen war -- das sind die Initialen für den lateinischen Satz Iesus Nazarenus Rex Iudaeorum – „Jesus von Nazaret, König der Juden“).
  • Der mittlere, längere Kreuzarm war zur Befestigung der Arme eines Gekreuzigten vorgesehen.
  • Der untere, schräggestellte Kreuzarm stellt das Suppedaneum (stützendes Fußbrett, Fußtritt, Fußbank) dar, auf das man Gekreuzigte stellte.

Darstellung

Die drei Balken des Russischen Kreuzes sind in der bildenden Kunst teilweise unterschiedlich lang: Der kürzeste Kreuzarm ist der oberste, etwas länger erscheint der unterste, der längste ist der mittlere. In der Heraldik wird dieser Darstellungsweise nicht immer entsprochen. Oft erscheint der oberste Kreuzarm -- vermutlich aus ästhetischen Gründen -- genauso lang wie der unterste, der schräg liegt.
Der unterste Kreuzarm verläuft allgemein von heraldisch rechts oben nach heraldisch links unten (beziehungsweise aus der Perspektive des Betrachters eines Wappens: von links oben nach rechts unten). Diese Konvention folgt der Symbolik, daß, von Jesus (oder einem Schildträger) aus gesehen, dessen rechte Seite den Aufstieg zum „Himmel“, die linke den Abstieg in die „Hölle“ charakterisiert (dementsprechend hing der „gute Dieb“, der mit Jesus gekreuzigt wurde, zu seiner Rechten, der zweite, der nicht bereute, zu seiner Linken).
In der heraldischen Literatur wird diese Symbolik nicht immer beachtet (beispielsweise zeigt das Große und allgemeine Wappenbuch (Siebmacher/Gritzner) und die Wappenbilderordnung des Herold unter der Nummer 0311 den untersten Schrägbalken des Russischen Kreuzes genau andersherum: von heraldisch rechts unten nach heraldisch links oben verlaufend). Diese Stellung des untersten Kreuzarmes sollte explizit gemeldet werden, wenn sie in einem Wappen geführt wird.

Symbolik

Das Russische Kreuz ist das Kreuz der russisch-orthodoxen Kirche. Es symbolisiert allgemein den Übergang oder die Entscheidung zwischen „Himmel“ und „Hölle“.

Grand Duchess Tatiana 17 th Century Russian Cross Necklace

Grand Duchess Tatiana 17th Century Russian Cross Necklace

Grand Duchess Tatiana 17 th Century Russian Cross Necklace

This unique 17th century Russian brass cross necklace, which belonged to Grand Duchess Tatiana (1897-1918), the second daughter of Tsar Nicholas II, was brought to America and sold by Armand Hammer in 1933.  

Almost certainly, this cross was given to Tatiana during one of her pilgrimages. It is very likely that the cross initially belonged to a venerated monk or a priest, possibly a canonized saint of the Russian Orthodox Church.

Likely, the original 17th century chain was much longer and was shortened to fit Tatiana’s neck. The chain has a gold clasp (made of Russian rose gold) from the early 1900s. All of these indicate that, apparently, the necklace had been worn by Tatiana.

Armand Hammer (1898-1990), an American entrepreneur, started doing business in the Soviet Russia in 1921 and stayed there until 1930. He met with Lenin in person and was granted a permission to develop the Lena river gold mines in Siberia. In the late 1920s, under the Stalin’s regime, Hammer’s concession in the gold mines was revoked. As a compensation, Stalin allowed him to purchase almost the entire content of the Alexander Palace, the last residence of the Russian Tsar Nicholas II, which mostly consisted of personal items of the Romanovs. Belongings of the Imperial family were sold in America in the 1930s at the Hammer gallery in New York, as well as at the department stores, such as Lord and Taylor.

The cross necklace comes with the original parchment receipt of the Hammer gallery at Lord and Taylor on Fifth avenue in NYC, as well as with its original retail box.

Several years ago, we were fortunate to have another 17th century cross, which belonged to Grand Duchess Anastasia, the youngest daughter of Nicholas II. That cross also had a Hammer gallery provenance.

The cross pendant measures 54 x 36 mm (2 1/8 x 1 7/16 in.)

Total length of the chains 40 cm (16 in.)

Seen at Romanov Russia antiques

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